Guide to Choosing and Using Global Logistics Companies for Shipping

Release time:2024-01-23 18:02

This guide provides a comprehensive overview of global logistics for shipping from China to the UK and France. It covers the logistics sector in China, choosing logistics companies, their operational models, pricing, required import/export documents, customs duties, and concludes with strategic advice for efficient transportation.

1. Introduction to the Current Situation of Global Logistics in China

China, as a global manufacturing hub, has an extensive and sophisticated logistics industry. The country's logistics sector has been evolving rapidly, especially with advancements in technology and infrastructure. Major Chinese cities have become integral nodes in the global supply chain, offering various logistics solutions ranging from sea freight, air freight, rail, and road transportation. The Belt and Road Initiative has further expanded China's logistics capabilities, enhancing connectivity with Europe, including the UK and France.

Recent data shows that China's logistics industry is growing steadily. The total value of social logistics goods reached approximately 300 trillion yuan in recent years, with a steady annual growth rate. The expansion of e-commerce and digital technologies has also influenced logistics, introducing more efficient and user-friendly services.

2. Selecting Channels for Global Logistics Companies

When selecting a logistics company, consider:

Service Type: Choose between sea, air, rail, or multimodal transport based on your needs. Sea freight is cost-effective for large volumes, while air freight is faster but more expensive. Rail is a balanced option, especially to Europe.

Company Reputation: Look for companies with a strong track record and positive reviews.

Network Coverage: Ensure the company has a robust network in both China and your destination countries.

3. Operation Model of Global Logistics Companies

Global logistics companies in China typically operate under models such as:

Freight Forwarding: Managing transportation of goods across different carriers.

Third-party Logistics (3PL): Providing integrated services like transportation, warehousing, and distribution.

Fourth-party Logistics (4PL): Offering more comprehensive management, including logistics strategy.

4. Prices of Global Logistics Companies

The cost varies based on:

Mode of Transport: Air freight is usually the most expensive, followed by rail and sea freight.

Distance and Transit Time: Longer distances and quicker transit times increase costs.

Volume and Weight: Larger and heavier shipments generally cost more.

Additional Services: Insurance, tracking, and expedited services add to the cost.

As of recent data, average sea freight charges from China to Europe range from $1,500 to $4,000 per container, while air freight can cost $4 to $8 per kilogram.

5. Import and Export Documents Required

You'll need to prepare:

Commercial Invoice: Details the transaction between exporter and importer.

Packing List: Describes the contents, weight, and packaging of the cargo.

Bill of Lading or Air Waybill: Legal contract between you and the carrier.

Export License: Required for certain goods.

Certificate of Origin: Verifies the products' country of origin.

6. Paying Customs Duties

Customs duties vary based on the destination country and type of goods. The UK and France have different tariff regimes, especially post-Brexit. It's essential to:

Classify Your Goods: Determine the correct commodity code for your goods.

Calculate Duties: Use the tariff rates applicable in the UK and France.

Prepare for Inspection: Customs authorities may inspect shipments, affecting timing and costs.

7. Conclusion

Navigating global logistics from China to Europe, specifically the UK and France, requires a strategic approach. Choose a logistics provider that aligns with your shipping needs, budget, and timelines. Stay informed about the latest trade regulations and ensure all necessary documentation is accurately completed to avoid delays. With careful planning and the right logistics partner, you can efficiently and cost-effectively transport your goods from China to Europe.